Types Of Glaucoma - A Comprehensive Guide
This article is for glaucoma patients who wish to learn more about the types of glaucoma.
Even though there are many different types of glaucoma, they really fall into two overarching categories. The important thing to remember is that when glaucoma is due to an eye injury or accident, seek professional help fast.
Because if the fluid drainage ducts in the eye shut through and injury, the eye pressure increases rapidly. That's dangerous.
For all slowly increasing types of glaucoma, it's vital to understand the real root causes. Once you understand them, you have to eliminate them to reduce your eye pressure permanently. If not, it will always come back up. Eye drops and surgery don't achieve that.
Here is a comprehensive list of common client questions we received over the years. Get all your questions answered below.
Client Questions Answered In This Article:
Yes. There are different types of glaucoma. However, they are characterized by the particular type of eye damage that has occurred to the optic nerve.
There are a few different types of glaucoma, and these include:
There are two main types of glaucoma. Open-angle and angle-closure are the two main types of glaucoma.
There are eight different types of glaucoma.
There are many types of glaucoma. These include primary open-angle, normal tension, angle-closure, acute, pigmentary, exfoliation, trauma-related, and childhood.
No. Glaucoma is not a type of cancer. However, cancer can cause glaucoma to occur within the eye or eyes.
Normal tension glaucoma is low tension or normal eye pressure glaucoma. It is glaucoma that occurs when there is no abnormal eye pressure that takes place in the eye. This means abnormal eye pressure did not cause the damage to the optic nerve.
Eye pressure that is greater than 22 mm Hg is higher than normal. This can cause glaucoma to occur.
Normal eye pressure can range from 12 to 21 mm Hg.
When the IOP is higher than 22 mm Hg, then this is a normal level of pressure for glaucoma to occur.
It is damage that has occurred in the optic nerve without any rise in eye pressure. This condition isn't common.
It is glaucoma that occurs in children and babies. Other names include:
The condition develops because of the environment it enters. Some label it as genetic. But nobody ever found a "glaucoma gene". The child inherits a lifestyle and environment. Congenital glaucoma develops within the first year of a child's life.
It is a form of primary congenital glaucoma.
It is a group of diseases. They cause high fluid pressure in the eye that damage the optic nerve. It is a serious condition that needs immediate attention.
Nobody knows the definitive cause of congenital glaucoma. Doctors believe that it's a malformation of eye cells. The deformed eye cells cause drainage issue. That leads to a pressure build-up in the eye.
Even though there is no evidence, researchers call the eye disease genetic. But research shows that glaucoma comes from hormonal imbalances. Since nobody found a glaucoma gene yet, try balancing out your child's hormones.
It means that it occurs in babies and children. It indicates incorrect development. It is a rare condition.
There hasn't been enough research to pinpoint the cause of congenital glaucoma. Genetics and improper development are the claimed causes. The problem with that analysis is that it renders the patient helpless.
Since genes change within our environment, it's best to improve the lifestyle and environment. That's the part we can control ourselves.
The medical glaucoma treatments of choice are:
If surgery can't take place right away, the doctor might prescribe glaucoma medication or eye drops, or both. This will help to prevent the condition from getting worse. Eye drops and medication don't cure congenital glaucoma. Neither does glaucoma surgery.
Natural ways to manage the eye condition include:
It is a rare condition.
A doctor diagnoses congenital glaucoma by the appearance of the eye. Signs of congenital glaucoma are:
Officially, improper development and genetics are the causes. But since nobody has identified a "glaucoma gene" we have to look further.
Epigenetics prove that genes change with the environment. Since congenital glaucoma appears in babies and children, let's look there. What is the environment of a child?
Research links glaucoma to hormonal imbalances. There appears to be a link to dairy products. Because of the growth hormones used in industrial farming. Also, the close connection to diabetes points to the hormone connection.
So things to look at to balance hormones:
Yes. Surgery can help to remove the child of congenital glaucoma. The danger is that eye surgery can also cause cataract as glaucoma surgery side-effect. Good eye health is vital for proper management after surgery. Get your free custom glaucoma improvement plan on this page to learn more.
Yes. It is part of a group of optic nerve diseases that can cause blindness.
It is a type of open-angle glaucoma. The development of it is in men more than women.
Glaucoma is a build-up of pressure in the eyes. The reason is that the fluids don't drain well. In the case of pigmentary glaucoma that is because pigments block the drains.
Pigments break off other parts of the eye. Culprits are the retina or the iris. The particles that break off flow freely throughout the eye. They then get stuck in the drains causing the pressure increase.
Over time the pressure will cause damage to the optic nerve.
Later stages of pigmentary glaucoma will cause blind spots in your vision. The further the eye condition progresses, the more spots you will see. If you leave them unattended, they can lead to blindness.
Doctors will first prescribe glaucoma medication. In acute stages, they will opt for surgery. If left untreated the condition can lead to blindness.
Natural ways to improve eyesight and pigmentary glaucoma include:
You'll be able to improve all of these areas in the Pure Vision Method for Glaucoma. Just start by getting your free, personal blueprint to treat glaucoma to learn more.
Eye specialists will prescribe medication or surgical treatment for pigmentary glaucoma. That may be necessary to manage the pressure right away.
But they don't remove the root causes. You still have to handle the underlying causes after the procedures. Here are a few ways to help you do this.
Natural ways to improve pigmentary glaucoma include:
You will start to improve all of these areas in the Pure Vision Method. Get your free custom blueprint to learn more.
Doctors use argon laser trabeculoplasty for pigmentary dispersion glaucoma. That will disperse the pigments, but not cure the disease.
For natural ways to improve glaucoma after the treatment:
But exercising your body will reduce the IOP in the eyes. Safe activities include brisk walking, bicycling, swimming, and jogging.
We have a dedicated form of light and easy healing exercises in the Pure Vision Method. This proprietary type of exercise will help you to improve your blood and oxygen circulations. It'll help to move fluids through your body properly.
Get your free blueprint now.
It is any type of glaucoma in which there is an identifiable cause of increased eye pressure.
Primary glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma or chronic glaucoma. It is the most common type of glaucoma. Secondary glaucoma is any type of glaucoma that has a cause for the symptoms.
The drainage angle is narrow and blocks easily. That results in angle-closure glaucoma. The pressure in the eye is always higher than normal because of the blockage.
Primary glaucoma develops without a known reason. Secondary glaucoma has an identified cause.
Treatment includes medications, surgery, and laser surgery. The type of glaucoma determines the best treatment.
There is no cure for secondary glaucoma. All treatments reduce glaucoma. They prevent eye pressure from going up and prevent glaucoma from getting worse. So your best way is to learn to manage the eye disease.
Natural ways to manage secondary glaucoma include:
Yes. Treating the cause of secondary glaucoma can help it go away.
The most common type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. It is also known as wide-angle glaucoma. The front of the eye appears normal. But the drain structure, the trabecular meshwork, is malfunctioning. So the fluid within can't flow out the way that it should.
The fluids circulate freely in the front of the eye. With Open-Angle Glaucoma the blockage happens at the back of the eye. The trabecular meshwork blocks the fluids.
That puts pressure on the optic nerve in the back of their eye. Over time open-angle glaucoma damages this nerve. The nerve damage will affect the vision and cause blindness.
Primary open-angle glaucoma, or POAG, is a progressive eye condition. It is a subset of glaucoma that can cause permanent blindness. The patient will stay blind. There is no way to reverse this condition. The front of the eye is normal and open. But the anterior chamber clogs up increasing the inner ocular pressure.
To be honest; nobody knows. But research indicates that hormones play an important role. By the looks of it, growth hormones are key. Plus, a lot seems to relate to dairy products and hormonal imbalances due to industrial farming.
So, you should have a close look at your lifestyle to manage open-angle glaucoma. Get your free, personal blueprint to get started.
Secondary open-angle glaucoma comes with other eye problems. It appears because of another eye condition. For example, it can come as a result of high myopia. So glaucoma appears due to another eye condition. It's open-angle because the front of the eye looks normal. The blockage is in the back of the eye. The trabecular meshwork restricts the fluids.
So the eye pressure still increases to dangerous levels. But you had another eye condition first. Either way, it can still lead to blindness.
Fluids should flow freely between the cornea and the iris. This is the iridocorneal angle. Bilateral primary open-angle glaucoma is a blockage in that area. This affects the optic neuropathy. Meaning, it damages nerve fibers of the optic nerve in that section. Bilateral means that the doctor can identify the specific cause.
Chronic Open-Angle Glaucoma refers to a permanent blockage at the back of the eye. Because it is permanent, the pressure builds up fast. It's kind of a total blockage.
Normally glaucoma restricts the flow of fluids. Chronic glaucoma almost blocks it without any natural flow. So the pressure builds up fast. This condition requires the most urgent attention. Because vision loss and blindness develop faster than in other situations.
This is the beginning stage of open-angle glaucoma. It's the timeframe when you still have a chance to protect your sight. It's the timeframe when you can prevent any damage.
Glaucoma damages the optic nerve over time. Starting to manage the disease in this period increases your chances to preserve your vision. In this phase, you should start with the Pure Vision Method. It will help to prevent future loss of vision.
Open-angle glaucoma is a blockage in the back of the eye. Closure Glaucoma is a blockage between the iris and the cornea. It stops the fluids flowing from behind the iris.
Open-Angle Closure Glaucoma is a combination of the two. As a result, the pressure build-up is sudden and fast. Open-Angle Closure Glaucoma requires urgent attention to avoid optic nerve damage.
The eye pressure increases because the trabecular meshwork can't drain fluids anymore. The front angle between iris and cornea stay open. But the back of the eye can't circulate fluids anymore.
Current research indicates that hormonal imbalances cause the blockage. That's why you should avoid any creams or medication with growth hormones. Research shows that dairy products from industrial farms create these hormonal imbalances.
Like any glaucoma, it's serious. Long-term damage can lead to blindness. It's not the most urgent type of glaucoma, but it needs attention.
You must maintain your eye pressure in the normal range to prevent nerve damage. Beside medical tests you also have to manage your condition. You have to get rid of the underlying root causes that cause glaucoma.
Get started with your free, custom glaucoma improvement blueprint.
A proper diagnosis requires you to see an eye specialist. There is no home test for eye pressure. It's not like 20/20 vision test for myopia.
Glaucoma is an eye disease. Myopia and farsightedness are refractive errors. Refractive errors can't damage your nerve. Glaucoma can so make sure you prevent that.
Part of preventing nerve damage is proper management. That's what the Pure Vision Method and supplements can help you with. But as long as you have elevated eye pressure you must have medical supervision.
To start with, you will experience blurry vision. First, that occurs in the peripheral vision.
Next, you'll experience spots in your vision. Again, starting in the periphery. Plus, you will experience pressure and discomfort in your eyes.
If you don't attend the issue, the blurriness will move into your central vision. The blind spots will start to appear in your central vision. The longer you wait, the more the condition will erode your optic nerve. Until it may cause blindness.
In short, yes! Glaucoma is a blockage of the drainage systems in the eye. Depending on what causes the blocks the area it happens can move. It can happen even after surgery.
Because if surgery opens one channel. Another can clog up. Unless you eliminate the root causes for the blockages.
Conventional, medical treatment include:
The most common type of treatment for open-angle glaucoma is a procedure known as trabeculoplasty.
Keep in mind that none of the above cure the disease. None get rid of the root causes. For that, you must work with the areas of your life that cause glaucoma. The areas include:
These areas affect your hormonal balance. Hormonal imbalances cause glaucoma. So you have to look into all of these areas to get rid of the root causes.
As just explained, there are the conventional medical ways. But none of them cure the disease. It will come back. These are all temporary symptom relief. To get rid of the root causes you have to dig deeper. See the previous answer.
You have to see an eye specialist. You can't do that at home. The ophthalmologist will do the following tests:
Something block the fluid drainage channels in the eyes. Because of that, the fluids can't flow out. Over time there is too much fluid within the eyeball.
That causes the inner eye pressure to increase. Over time that pressure damages the optic nerve.
Research indicates that the ducts clog up because of hormones. It appears that hormonal imbalances cause the blockages. So you have to balance these out to eliminate the true root causes.
The go-to treatment for eye specialists is surgery. Laser trabeculoplasty is the most prescribed version. There are two different types of this surgery:
Keep in mind that surgery only provides temporary relief. It doesn't get rid of the condition. So glaucoma comes back after the procedure. To get rid of it long-term you have to get rid of the underlying root causes.
Epinephrine provides temporary relief. It helps to reduce the pressure that is within the eye. But it doesn't treat the causes of the disease. Plus, patients become resistance to the active ingredients. Meaning patients have to change medication to get relief.
The most common type of drug is eye drops. Each of them helps to drain excess fluids from the eyes. Helping to relieve the pressure in the eyeball.
The problem with eye drops is that they become ineffective. Patients have to change type and brand often. The most common types of drops are:
There is also oral medication that tries to achieve the same result. These include carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
Of course, there are also varies types of surgeries available.
Remember, none of these treatments cures or fixes glaucoma. The root causes are still there. Because of that, the eye pressure rises again.
To stop the pressure from going up, you have to get rid of the root causes. These are in your mind, emotions, diet, toxicity, and in your body.
Some medications will make glaucoma worse. Patients need to avoid these. Because they will cause further hormonal imbalances. Most of these contain some type of hormone.
Medications to avoid include:
To start with you will experience blurry vision and blind spots in your peripheral vision. As glaucoma progresses, that will move into your central vision. If you don't attend your condition, the blurry vision will increase. Plus you'll experience bigger blind spots.
Over time you will also experience pressure in your eye and eye pain. The problem is that your optic nerve will deteriorate. Once there is nerve damage, you can't reverse it. All of that can lead to blindness.
Glaucoma surgery and eye drops can lower IOP. In some cases, medication can do the job too. But to manage the disease, you have to get rid of the root causes. Because no medical treatment fixes glaucoma. They treat symptoms.
To start managing your disease, get your free blueprint. You'll learn exactly how everything works.
According to an eye specialist, there is no way to prevent glaucoma. But that's a superficial analysis. Because research shows that hormonal imbalances cause the blockages in the eyes. These blockages are the cause of glaucoma.
So, if hormonal imbalances cause the blocks, you can prevent the imbalances. That would set you on the path to prevent glaucoma.
Sure, there are more possibilities that could cause blocks. For example, pigments breaking off the iris and retina. But maintaining good eye health and preventing the main root cause will help.
So the root causes lie in the following areas of your life:
Avoiding certain foods and adding other is a start. In some cases, eye health supplements can help. Plus, way to eliminate root causes in all these areas will help to prevent glaucoma.
To test for glaucoma, you do need an eye specialist. But before it gets to this point, there is a lot you can do. You should pay close attention if glaucoma runs in your family. Because you may have inherited a lifestyle that can cause the disease.
To learn how to eliminate the root causes for all these areas, get your free blueprint. You'll learn a lot. It's worth your time.
There is no cure for glaucoma. Nobody would be legally allowed to claim a cure.
Fact is, medical treatments don't cure the disease. They don't even treat the disease. They relieve symptoms. That's it.
Nothing they do helps to reduce the root causes. Nothing stops the eye from pressure build-up. They help the eye to drain excess fluids. But these come back as soon as the treatments recede.
The problem is that the treatments often become ineffective over time. That is especially true for eye drops. So patients have to change the type and brand of drops often.
The closest you can get to a cure for glaucoma is managing the condition. Meaning to manage the root causes. To make sure you eliminate what causes glaucoma from your life.
Research indicates that hormones play a key role. Hormonal imbalances cause the blocks to appear in the eye. So, if you balance out your hormones, you'll improve the condition. Once you eliminate the bad hormones, the symptoms should go away.
The root causes of these imbalances are in:
- your mind
- your emotions
- your diet
- your toxicity
- your body
Work with these areas of your life. Make sure these are 100% healthy. With that, you stand a good chance that the root causes will disappear.
Angle-closure glaucoma happens in between the cornea and the iris. The fluids can't circulate in that area. That leads to a fast increase in eye pressure in the eye.
The iris pushes up against the drainage channels within the anterior chamber of the eye. This blocks the fluid from flowing out of the eye.
Angle-closure glaucoma is not common. It is a rare type of glaucoma.
The iris pushing against the drainage channels causes it. That creates a sudden and rapid increase in IOP. It can lead to blindness.
There are some signs to look out for. Now, the signs don't mean that you have glaucoma. But they may indicate you should test your eye pressure. These signs include:
It's an eye disease. It's a subset of glaucoma. It describes a specific way that traps fluids in the eyeball. It creates a sudden and rapid increase of eye pressure. The eye keeps producing fluids. But the excess fluids can't drain like in a normal eye.
The iris may push forward and block the drainage channels. Or hormonal imbalances can cause the ducts to block. It causes a rapid increase in the pressure of the eye.
It's a subset of glaucoma. It's an eye disease that inhibits fluids from flowing out the eyeball. The excess fluid builds up pressure.
This particular angle appears within the iridotrabecular. It blocks three or more quadrants of the angle of drainage. It causes optic nerve damage and visual field loss.
Chronic glaucoma means that the blocks are permanent. No fluids can drain from the eye. Angle-closure means that it's in the front of the eye.
Because no fluids leave the eyeball, the pressure increases fast. It is important to seek medical attention right away.
It is a type of glaucoma. The cause is an underlying pathological etiology. When the eye pressure increases because of the condition, you have secondary angle-closure glaucoma.
In narrow angle-closure, the iris pulls or pushes forward. That blocks the drainage angle of the eye. It's a type of glaucoma that appears sudden.
This is an emergency case. In this type of glaucoma the iris bows forward. It completely blocks the trabecular meshwork. Fluids can't exit. The patients will suffer a rapid loss of vision. Plus, it causes extreme eye pain.
The glaucoma is intermittent. Meaning that attacks come and go. Glaucoma may go undetected during the eye exam. This type of glaucoma is the hardest to diagnose. Because it may during the test. But the eye pressure can still damage the optic nerve.
There are symptoms you may experience. These include:
Having these symptoms doesn't mean you have glaucoma. But they may indicate that you should test for glaucoma. If in doubt, check it out. Better one test too many than one not enough.
Because the damage can be severe.
Angle-closure glaucoma comes with many symptoms. They include:
It is a serious condition. It can cause permanent damage to the optic nerve.
Yes. As with all glaucoma, the pressure erodes the optic nerve, so glaucoma causes your eyes to go blind, over extended periods of time. If the pressure is high for too long, the fibers of the nerve break down.
Eye specialists like to claim that it is genetic. But nobody could find a "glaucoma gene" yet. Meaning that the genetics is a theory.
Research shows that genes change with the environment. Meaning that changes in our lifestyle affect what genes play out. So it is more likely that we adopt the lifestyle that induces glaucoma. Because we take on the lifestyle habits of our ancestors.
The industry likes to call glaucoma genetic. Because it means that the patient needs the specialist. If it's genetic, there is nothing you can do.
But if it's the lifestyle, you can change it.
The fact is, research shows that glaucoma has a lot to do with hormones. You can balance your hormones today. That will eliminate a lot of the root causes of glaucoma.
So the genetic argument is good for business. It sells a lot of eye drops and surgery. Self-reliance is bad for business. Because it allows you to get rid of the root causes alone.
Test regularly. But take control of your health! Get your free, personal glaucoma treatment plan.
The most popular treatment is the peripheral iridotomy laser procedure. Keep in mind that it will only relieve symptoms. It will not fix the condition. To do that you have to remove the root causes.
Angle-closure glaucoma needs immediate treatment. This involves either laser or normal surgery. But you must act fast.
LPI, or laser peripheral iridotomy, is the most treatment.
There are a few medications that can relieve symptoms. These include:
All can help to relieve angle-closure glaucoma.
The eye industry refers to medication as management. We have a different view on this. Here are common medications to relieve symptoms:
True management will remove the root causes. That includes the root causes in all areas of your life. Medication takes the edge off the pressure. But real management removes the root causes, so the pressure stops building up.
There areas of your life you need to look at are:
To prevent the disease you have to minimize the root causes. Most of that is a result of lifestyle. Research shows that hormone play a vital role. So anything that balances hormones will help to prevent glaucoma.
Officially there is no way to prevent it. But that's incorrect. For example, there is a clear link between dairy products and hormonal imbalances. So changing from industrial dairy products to organic will help. Removing dairy altogether may have an even great benefit.
Sure, if signs come up, get tested. Better safe than sorry. But educate yourself about good hormone health and glaucoma will have a hard time. Be smart, rely on yourself.
Again, be wise. Educate yourself. As just explained, there are ways to minimize the root causes. You have to pay close attention to your hormones. Hormones are easily thrown out of balance in the 21st century. Our lifestyle changed a lot. These changes play havoc with our hormones.
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